Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. In the United States alone, approximately 9% to 12% of blindness cases result from glaucoma. While treatment can greatly help patients, many are unaware of their condition until it’s too late.
This condition is why optometrists strongly recommend yearly eye exams. At Florida Eye Center, we offer some of the best glaucoma treatments in Tampa. Our team of experts has helped numerous residents overcome this disease.
Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve located at the back of the eye, leading to vision loss. The most common type is open-angle glaucoma, which is often what people mean when they say they have glaucoma. Often the symptoms go unnoticed by patients until it is too late.
In the early stages of glaucoma, patients typically do not show noticeable symptoms, making the disease challenging to detect. Without a diagnosis by an eye doctor, the disease continues to progress until vision loss occurs. To prevent total vision loss, our specialists at Florida Eye Center have developed a glaucoma treatment plan for Tampa residents.
Eye drops are the most common form of medication for glaucoma. Several medications include beta-blockers, alpha agonists, or carbon anhydrase inhibitors. The dosage and type of medication will be determined through collaboration between you and your eye doctor. Effective medication aims to either decrease the production of aqueous humor or enhance fluid drainage, thereby reducing intraocular pressure.
In recent years, laser therapy has emerged as an effective alternative or supplement to medication in managing glaucoma. This simple procedure can often be performed in the office and helps facilitate the drainage of excess fluid from the eye.
There are three types of laser treatments for glaucoma. The first is selective laser trabeculoplasty, which targets specific cells in the trabecular network to stimulate fluid drainage and reduce intraocular pressure. Laser peripheral iridotomy is commonly used for angle-closure glaucoma. It creates a small hole in the iris to improve fluid flow. Lastly, cyclophotocoagulation targets the ciliary body to reduce aqueous humor production. This option is typically reserved as a last resort when other treatments have been unsuccessful.
When medication or laser treatment is ineffective, your eye doctor may recommend surgery. The specific type of surgery will depend on your unique needs, as each patient requires a tailored approach. Many patients opt for minimally invasive surgery. Regardless of the surgical method, the goal is to improve aqueous outflow and reduce intraocular pressure.
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